Technology map of Sustainable architecture and construction


1-2-3 Tech./Strat. to be considered in early project design phase
1-2-3 Tech./Strat. to be considered in mid-project design phase
1-2-3 Tech./Strat. to be considered in final project design phase

Basic / Recommended / Ambitious: Degree to wich the strategy or technology is recommended for adoption

(Recommendations are only for general guidance and will depend on actual projects)

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Active thermal comfort

Solar thermal panels

District heating/cooling

Exposure/accumulation/distribution of solar energy (windows, greenhouses...)

Condensing boiler

"Free cooling"

Active night-cooling

Heat exchanger


Biofuel boiler (biomass, biogas, biodiesel)

Heatpump (geothermal,...)

Displacement ventilation

Absorbtion/adsorbtion chiller


Radiant/absortion surfaces (radiant floor, cool ceiling, cool beam...)

Artificial Illumination

Energy efficient lighting

Minimizing nocturnal night pollution

Full-spectrum task lighting

Manual/sensor controlled


Protect local culture and elements of value

Promote culture, art, education, physical activity, leisure

Electric power generation

Solar photovoltaic panels

Renewable grid-power purchase

High temperature geothermal

Storage (batteries, hydrogen, flywheel...)


Solar (chimney, high temperature concentrator)



Off-peak electric consumption (ice making)

Fuel cell

Hydrogen generator (electrolysis...)


Minimize earth movement
Restore/imropve habitat

Promote local species

Create habitat



Low-embodied energy and low-toxicity during production

Low off-gas

Certified wood

Durable, repairable


"Ecological nutrient" or "Technical nutrient"

Natural Illumination

Orientation, obstruction, function

Fenestration (horizontal/vertical)

Interior color/reflectivity

Diffusion: shutters, blinds, curtains, etc. (int., ext.)


Natural light transport (light-tubes, fiber optics...)

Refractive surfaces (Serraglaze)

Electrochromic glass

Natural ventilation

Cross ventilation

Solar chimney/thermosiphon effect

Venturi effect

Wind Cathcers



Reduce "heat-island-effect" (more % of vegetation and less of impermeable surfaces, reflective colors...)

Acoustic comfort

Pollution, quality, safety control at construction site

Interior vegetation

Ergonomics (seats, screens, temperature/lighting controls...)

Modern telecommunication and telecommuting

Exposition/publicity/precedent (marketing, inspire...)

Flexible: Increase and diversify uses, audience, work hours...

Phytoremediation (biological decontamination)

Promote events/activities(culture, art, sports, education, social...)

Alternative menu (organic, vegetarian, local...)(Rivendell Organics)

Offsets (CO2 emissions generated for constructed building and for building usage,...)

Multi-Function Dust/Smog Suppressor

Passive thermal comfort

Taking advantage of local micro-climate



Thermal mass

Insulation (external, internal, intermediate) (cellulose, green roof, argon, Nanogel...)

Low-E fenestration

Exterior reflectivity

Internal heat gains

Clothing & metabolism

Exposure to solar radiation and heat storage (windows, greenhouse...)

Protection (against winds, solar radiation... via building, terrain, vegetation (green roof, green wall...))

Geothermal heat exchanger

Interseasonal heat storage

Heatpump (geothermal,...)

Dynamic insulation

Evaporative cooling

Passive night cooling

Trombe walls

Phase changing materials ("virtual" therma mass) (Micronal)

Prediction/Monitoring/Optimization Preconstruction

Energy simulation

Economy (savings, added value, financing, subcontracting...)


Light simulation

Measurement (micro climate, geology...)


Acoustic simulation


Life Cycle Analysis

Design for more flexibility/adaptability

Sustainable certification (LEED, GBTools...)


Prioritize public transportation

Preferent parking reserved for low-fuel vehicles, electric/alternative fuel, high occupancy...
Plan multiple errands in one trip

Bike paths, bike racks

Parking space less convenient for individual motorists that access from public transport

Showers, changing rooms

For internal transport: bike, golf chart, Segway...

Electric recharge infrastructure...









Storage (tanks, roof, ponds...)
Water runoff infiltration
Waterless urinals
Aerated faucets / showerheads
Dual flush/low consumption/compressed air WC
Xeroscaping (planting autoctonous vegetation requiring no irrigation)
Aquatron toilet system
Compact on-site sewage treatment
Water leak alarm
Porous pavement
Constructed wetlands / Reed beds
Drip irrigation
Shower water consumption meter
Water smart meters
Automatic faucet & urinal
Greywater reuse
Fog collection
Living Machine
Dry toilets
Symbiotic purification (Golftrat)

"Closed circuit" water circulation (treatment/ purifying waste water)

Closed-loop Water Recovery System (Space)
Multi-Function Dust/Smog Suppressor
Atmospheric water generator
Reverse osmosis
Ultraviaolet (UV) purification
Salt water chlorination
Ozone water treatment
Chlorine dioxide generator
Algae-based waste water treatment
Recycling closed-loop shower
Water body ´Restorer´

Leak detector

Condenser for potable water

Purification: UV/ozone/reverse osmosis...
Faucets with sensors and timer

Permeable pavers (Grasscrete)

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Nowadays significant time and money gets invested in cleantech solutions (electrical cars, wind generators, biofuels, etc.) that contribute significantly towards reducing CO2 emissions. At Sustainable Reference (the makers of SustPro), we believe, however, that if we collectively share all those sustainable solutions that are already available and can be applied in our projects, jobs, companies, cities, homes and lifestyles, that we´ll gain a much bigger benefit than what´s gained by any individual technology by itself. Sharing and encouraging solutions and good practices will help make a better world for us and for the generations to come. Thank you for visiting SustPro.